Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) is considered a revolutionary of the Modernist writing era. His simple yet elegant prose influenced writers of his own and subsequent times, and continues to assert a strong impact today.
Hemingway was born and raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he became a reporter for the Kansas City Star. That job did not last long. In 1918, he traveled to Italy and served as an ambulance driver for the Italian army. After the war, Hemingway became one of a number of American expatriate writers to congregate in Paris. It was during that period that his first books were published.
Hemingway continued to traveled between the United States and Europe, and resided for a short time in Cuba. In 1953, he received a Pulitzer Prize for "The Old Man and the Sea," and in 1954 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Hemingway died on July 2, 1961 at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
Sites to See
Given his strong presence in English literature, it is not surprising that Hemingway also has a strong Web presence:
The best Hemingway site around. It features loads of useful information, including a bibliography, a message board, answers to general and literary questions, and links to other sites. It has some extra-special features too, including a pictorial retrospective of Hemingway's life, questions to jumpstart critical thinking, a Hemingway quote finder, a Hemingway family tree, and live chat opportunities with John E. Sanford, nephew of Ernest Hemingway and a noted Hemingway scholar.
The online home of the Ernest Hemingway foundation in Oak Park, Ill., Hemingway's birthplace. It offers a wonderful and comprehensive Hemingway biography, as well as information about visiting the Hemingway Museum.
The Ernest Hemingway Collection The JFK Library at the University of Massachusetts in Boston houses many of Hemingway's papers -- and this useful site. You'll find numerous papers and journal articles, along with a catalog of the library's holdings and Michael Reynolds' book "Hemingway's Readings: An Inventory," which is a composite of works Hemingway read from 1910 to 1940.
The Ernest Hemingway Homepagelinks to a collection of essays on Hemingway's works, and offers links to other Hemingway resources.